La Bête humaine

La Bête humainemile Zola fazia parte da minha lista de leituras h muitos anos, mas s em 2014 li o primeiro deles Nan A partir da todos os que li me pareceram melhores, todos se tornaram inesquec veis, e A Besta Humana , sem d vida, o melhor de todos eles.E no entanto, uma hist ria tenebrosa t o crua, t o brutal, t o avassaladora um livro que nunca mais se esquece, que choca por revelar o Ser humano nas suas piores vertentes.Aqui n o h inocentes, todos s o culpados da inveja, da gan ncia, do ci me, da trai o, todos s o v timas de si pr prios, ou, segundo o racioc nio do autor, v timas da sua heran a gen tica Zola acreditava que o factor heredit rio determinava a personalidade e o comportamento do ser humano, seria in til tentar contrariar esse destino.Se em Germinal fiquei sensibilizada com a humanidade que atribuiu aos cavalos, aqui aconteceu o mesmo com os comboios Atrevo me a dizer que as m quinas foram t o humanamente caracterizadas que sofremos por elas cada vez que t m um acidente ou algo corre mal.Soberbo tamb m no final O ltimo par grafo uma vis o algo apocal ptica do futuro, do mundo que vivemos hoje um mundo que viria a tornar o homem um ser dependente da ind stria e da tecnologia. Jacques Lantier, a train driver, attends the crime of the president of the railway company, Grandmorin The crime is committed by Roubaud, a Deputy Chief of station and S verine, his wife It s a crime of revenge to punish this character of abusing Severine since his childhood Jacques decided to shut up S verine and him fall in love But Jacques is inhabited by deadly impulses due to a heavy alcoholic heredity This one is passionate about his craft and he described his La Lison locomotive as a person The title The human beast focus throughout the book One wonders if it is addressed to Jacques or the locomotive Beautiful novel by Zola which includes family Lantier James is the son of Gervaise met in L Assommoir The Dram Shop Novels are cleverly connected to each other by the author in the Rougon Macquart series The human beast is a great thriller without any length I thought I read it in a quick read but I still left lead in the story Must say that he goes a bit against my certainty because I am completely against determinism Issue of point of view that has served me well Note that Zola had a lot to document out the novels in these series as he approached many areas with a lot of details in that. After well over a century, Emile Zola still retains the power to absorb readers with his Les Rougon Macquart series of novels This, regarded as one of his finest achievements is a tale full of rage that studies the dark haunting impressionistic nature of man s slow corruption by jealousy Set against the backdrop of the industrial revolution, the story is set in the world of the railways A lot of the main action takes place either on trains, or close by to the tracks, there is murder, passion and obsession, fused with a compassionate look at individuals derailed by atavistic forces beyond their control I found Zola s use of imagery evocative and atmospheric, and quite shocking, he fills pages with dread, metal and flesh, blood and rust, where at any one moment somebody could turn criminal with hell bent discontent There are three central characters, Roubaud, the deputy station master at Le Havre, his fragile wife S verine, and Jacques Lantier, an engine driver on the Parisian line As a result of a chance remark, Roubaud suspects that S verine has had an affair some years earlier, with Grandmorin one of the directors of the railway company, who had acted as her patron and who had helped Roubaud get his job He forces a confession out of her and makes her write a letter to Grandmorin telling him to take a particular train that evening, the same train Roubaud and S verine are taking back to Le Havre From here on the tension is upped with a chilling bite, a murder is committed and thus an investigation follows, where than one person is suspected of the attack The relationship between Roubaud and his wife is now fractured, he believes she is carrying on with Lantier, whilst she realizes that he has been stealing the last of some hidden money Both now, with almost frenzy, start dark plans of their ownThe last third contained some really tense scenes, leaving me holding the book with clammy hands, as it hurtled along the tracks to it s conclusion The Human Beast is never far away, but the novel is about far than vicious homicide Zola s targets include the French judicial system which is looked at in great detail, and the world he creates is brilliant with it s realization of railways and railwaymen similar to what he did looking at the coal miners lives in Germinal I did find Germinal richer and a complex experience than The Beast Within hence the four stars , but lets not kid ourselves, this novel compared to most other books written at the time, simply stands out from the crowd He dared to write about what no one else would, and pulls it off with such high standards. Could you kill someone Shush now That s a rhetorical question Think the answer to yourself in your head We don t want to hand over compromising evidence to the prosecution in your inevitable criminal trial Now I m not asking you if you could kill in self defense or to protect your loved ones from harm because those cases are ethically cut and dried and very boring I m asking if you think you are capable of ending someone s life for pettier reasons jealousy, revenge, or just good old fashioned unclassified hatred Before you don your barrister s wig and get all indignant about it, I want you to remember that the question is whether you could, not whether you would We don t even need to consider all or any of the deterrents that would stay your machete wielding hand such as moral conscience or the threat of punishment I am only wondering if you think that, in a moment of emotional heat or psychological abandon, your mind and body would allow you to, say, pull the trigger, thrust the blade, or hold down the pillow Assume for the sake of this discussion that you are mechanically capable or strong enough to kill your victim This is a question about will, not about the precision of your aim mile Zola s La B te Humaine is predicated on the assumption, I think, that most humans have murderous inclinations stowed away in their psychological hope chests and that it s only a matter of how difficult it is to pick the lock The first chapter introduces us to a railway station employee named Roubaud and his wife S verine a seemingly contented and loving couple who are spending an afternoon in Paris They re having a pleasant enough lunch when one thing leads to another, which leads to another, which leads to another, and long story short S verine admits that she was repeatedly molested as a child by her guardian, the prestigious and powerful Grandmorin I know Talk about losing your appetite In response to the revelation, Roubaud does what any reasonable and compassionate husband would do under the circumstances he beats the living shit out of S verine and threatens her life A regular Renaissance man He s not upset at the crime of molestation and the victimhood of his wife he s enraged because in the used car lot of brides, he bought himself a lemon a used and abused woman whose odometer had been rolled back Too bad he can t trade her in for a showroom new model but trust me here Showroom new models are pretty hard to come by in France Most kids have their first torrid love affairs when they re eight, I think Being a sensible man, Roubaud decides not to kill S verine He may beat her a while longer to work out his frustrations, but then he ll move on to Plan B Kill Grandmorin Always crazy like a fox, Roubaud figures he ll implicate S verine in the crime so she won t ever spill the beans And hey since she s the lemon in this transaction, she should do some of the dirty work Am I right or am I right You may think you ve been spoiled upon, but the preceding events all occur within the first chapter This is actually only the gentle prelude to the madness which will follow And by madness, I m referring particularly to the events in Chapter Ten which, by the standards of 19th century literature, are pretty shocking and over the top Make no mistake this is a violent and cynical book Although the major characters are differently bad, none of them is perceptibly good, even in the most degraded sense of the term We may understand them to varying degrees but the elaboration of their universal impulses into grisly action makes me think that Zola needed a good SSRI.Oh And to answer my own question I think that I could in fact summon the will if I desired, which I don t to kill someone, merely out of spite I recently watched the film God Bless America directed and written by Bobcat Goldthwait in which a middle aged schlub played by the guy who plays Freddy Rumsen on Mad Men and a teenage girl go on a killing spree Their targets are all the most loathsome people in our culture in my humble opinion, and theirs too , such as pandering political pundits, reality TV stars, people who won t shut up in movie theaters, and so on Even though the film isn t terribly well made on the whole, I was vicariously thrilled by it Apparently Bobcat Goldthwait and I have the same things stowed away in our hope chests. I am convinced that if mile Zola had been alive and at work in the second half of the 20th Century, he would be known today as one of the greatest modern screenwriters France ever produced Zola s novel La B te Humaine, along with being a piercing analysis of violent proclivities and their influence on male female sexual dynamics, has a rocket speed plot leaving you tight shouldered, gasping, and bug eyed from its very first chapter Despite a lull near the middle of the book which is necessary for both character development and the strategic planting of later plot points, the motor on this beast of a novel, deceptively yet appropriately framed by the inner workings of French train lines in the latter 19th Century, continues to throttle up until its crashing finale In case you hadn t noticed yet, I thought it was as fantastic, intelligent, frightening, and engrossing a thriller as Hollywood manages to produce on a really good day.Having written much before cinema s time, Zola is argued to be one of, if not the greatest contributor to literary naturalism, a movement which sought through blunt, shocking prose to depict the external, uncontrollable forces resulting from living within a complex society as having an almost puppet master effect on the thoughts and deeds of its anonymous, infinite citizenry You are what you eat, breathe, see, suffer environment is everything Further, the seedier sides of life have bigger talons, gripping greater numbers and leading to a prevalence of evil over good Life is hard, but the ones living it are even harder, and so on the wretched violence snowballs right along with the evil in men s hearts I am not saying that I totally agree with this assessment I would like to think that the forces of evolution, technological scientific advancement, and the resulting widespread awareness of social ills and ability to address them would have the opposite effect and would serve to move us toward a Utopian societal state, though of course all the while racking up its own casualties across the world due to its specific pitfalls The troubles of the modern world aside, I am not some shoeless sort running around banging a homemade bongo talking about how much nicer it would be to live in a mud hut in the middle of nowhere surviving off of squirrel carcasses I appreciate doctors medicine, heating and air conditioning units, moving pictures, the world wide web, and electrically powered transportation And let s face it even bicycles were cutting edge technology at one point I love my bike, but please shut up about em already But I digress Zola mostly finds me na ve, though he does see the roots of the beast in man in what he refers to repeatedly in the text as the thirst to avenge ancient wrongs , specifically in this story s main villain s case as that resentment that had grown as it had come down from male to male ever since the first one had been betrayed in some cavern The forward march of modernity is simply the outward manifestation of masculine ego pummeling back the gentler sex god, I hate that phrase , one which feeds and further infests carnal urges to possess and destroy purity, to own all that is femininity and docility through murderous force The metaphor Zola embraces is apt for its time the train is depicted repeatedly in the text as the ultimate symbol of power, a blade cutting across the previously unsoiled landscape and racing forward intent on domination and eventual destruction It is the setting for, cause of, and or soundtrack to every violent deed committed in the novel It is the tarnished masculine ego, the once wronged caveman, the Adam that Eve has manipulated and had cast from paradise, using its overwhelming force to once and for all win the battle of the sexes It is rape, torture, and abuse, loneliness, rejection, and isolation It is the sleek, handsome, charming serial killer In short, it is all together one giant, interconnected verification of the beast within man At the same time, the train s engine is depicted as the long sought submissive female lover He who operates this powerful force is guiding her hand, and she obeys subserviently at long last This leads to the rare moments of dark humor in the novel, which I will give you a little taste of now I know that this is a long quote, but trust me when I say it is worth it Zola didn t seem the sort to laugh much, but either he or his translator ironically named Leonard TANCOCK surely couldn t help but snicker at this gem of a passage where Zola is explaining the feelings that one male characters has for the train engine he is in charge of So he loved Lison with masculine gratitude, for she got away or stopped promptly, like a vigorous and docile mare he loved her because over and above his regular wages she earned him money, thanks to fuel bonuses She steamed so well that he saved a great deal of coal He had only one thing against her and that was that she needed too much oiling, the cylinders in particular consumed quite unreasonable amounts of oil, an insatiable thirst, a real debauch He had tried to keep her within bounds, but in vain She at once got short of breath, she had to have it, it was part of her character He had resigned himself to overlook this gluttonous passion of hersAs the fire was roaring and Lison was gradually getting up pressure Jacques gave her the once over, inspecting each one of her parts, trying to find out why that morning she had gobbled down oil than usual He could find nothing amiss, she was shining and clean, with the sparkling cleanliness telling of a driver s tender care He could constantly be seen wiping her, polishing her, particularly at the journey s end, and he rubbed her hard, just as they rub down horses steaming after a long gallop, taking advantage of the fact that she was hot so as to clean off stains and splashes easily He never pushed her too hard either, but kept at a regular speed, avoiding delays which necessitate unpleasant spurts to catch up.Now THAT, my friends, IS WHAT HE SAID.In short, this book rules Adieu Update this book is about a crime of passion, the ensuing bumbled police investigation, gubberment cover ups, misplaced blame, false imprisonment, sexual affairs, borderline molestations, gossip, spousal abuse, jealousy, rage, the deterioration of love, violent death heaped upon violent death, and the causes behind and internal justification of the urge to kill either for revenge or due to serial compulsion Basically, there s a lot going on than just trains being powerful I guess I should ve mentioned all that earlier. Fail After spending 3 hours trying to decipher if the story was meant to be that misogynic or if it was only the sad expression of the 19th Century, I decided that I did not care whatsoever My diminished reading time is way too precious to be spent hating every male character in there while being annoyed by the way women are portrayed DNF as soon as I felt like I was supposed to feel sorry for that abusive jerk Not happening Zola relies way too much on telling rather than showing to pull this off, no matter how revered his books are Not to mention that his multiple POV is confusing and awkward.I stand by what I thought there are plenty of amazing books in classic French Literature, but Zola s aren t part of them as far as I m concerned. IntroductionNote on the TranslationSelect BibliographyChronology La B te Humaine Explanatory Notes Nice to be back in the Zolan bosom multiple histrionic murderers, meticulous locomotive nous, and a splash of hopeless determinism The seventeenth novel in the Rougon Macquart series features some of Zola s most breathtaking descriptions of bleak rural backwaters, trains in their brutal firebreathing phallic infancy, hopeless provincials devising schemes to escape their predetermined lives of hate and misery, implausible gruesome murders committed by almost every character, and humorous courtroom antics As usual, Zola delivers the point with the subtle wallop of a heavyweight boxer, but with his usual scalpel sharp prose, translated here with aplomb by Mr Roger Whitehouse. She was a virgin and a warrior, disdainful of the male, which was what eventually convinced people that she really must be off her head So that trace of sanity is what made the public consider her mad You can open Zola at a random page and find deep knowledge of the human machinery Since I finished Crime and Punishment, I have been meditating on La B te Humaine over and over I used to consider Jacques Lantier the most evil character imaginable the incarnation of Death After all, his emotions are guided by brutal pleasure, and his sexuality is linked to destruction He is a murderer long before he has a victim Sociology could possibly find some valid explanations for his psychopathic tendencies, being the son of an alcoholic mother, Gervaise in L Assommoir The Dram Shop , and an absent father, growing up in poverty and misery After all, his sensitive siblings struggle to find a place in life as well His brother Claude is a failed and suicidal painter, as portrayed in The Masterpiece, his other brother tienne a rebellious miner in Germinal, and his younger half sister Nana probably one of the most famous prositutes in world literature But even though the reader knows all that, it is difficult to feel pity for the rage inside the head of Jacques Can he control his urges Or will he be weak, thus turning into the monster he senses inside his body Zola, the realist painter of 19th century life, won t give his murderer a pass And that is why he keeps coming back to me after I encountered Raskolnikov and lived through the horror of his crime, and my quite unexpected, feverish wish for him to get away with it With what, exactly As opposed to Jacques, Raskolnikov kills with his mind, not his confused desire Raskolnikov deliberately chooses a victim he considers worthless and useless, and kills her for his own benefit Does the fact that his crime catches up with him excuse that his act shows even bestiality than Jacques fight with his inner demons Why do I feel manipulated into siding with Raskolnikov while I stay cold and horrified confronting Jacques I can t stop pondering on that, and the solution I can offer myself is that Dostoyevsky was much of a missionary writer, trying to convince readers of his message, while Zola was a surgeon, cutting his literary patients open to look at their insides.What do I prefer In literature, I enjoy a good mix of both, and range those two authors next to each other in my eternal hall of fame In reality, I dread ideological manipulation and greater universal messages , so I would go for Zola s socialist realism any time, shunning Dostoyevsky s appeal to male, Christian suffering.Murder must advertise Well, this one is worth its money and time. The Train Ran On Without A Driver, On And On, Like Some Mindless, Unseeing Beast One Of Zola S Darkest And Most Violent Works A Tense Thriller Of Political Corruption And A Graphic Exploration Of The Criminal Mind, As A Murder Is Committed On The New Railways Of The Second EmpireA New Series Of Twenty Distinctive, Unforgettable Penguin Classics In A Beautiful New Design And Pocket Sized Format, With Coloured Jackets Echoing Penguin S Original Covers

mile Fran ois Zola was an influential French novelist, the most important example of the literary school of naturalism, and a major figure in the political liberalization of France.More than half of Zola s novels were part of a set of 20 books collectively known as Les Rougon Macquart Unlike Balzac who in the midst of his literary career resynthesized his work into La Com die Humaine, Zola from

[Read] ➫ La Bête humaine By Émile Zola –
  • Paperback
  • 480 pages
  • La Bête humaine
  • Émile Zola
  • English
  • 07 August 2019
  • 9780241261736

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *